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Ingredient
Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Preservative,  Moisturizer, 

Caprylyl Glycol

Good

Skin and hair conditioning agent that may be plant-derived or synthetic. Often used as part of a preservative blend in cosmetics.

Emollient,  Silicone, 

Dimethicone

Good

A type of silicone, dimethicone is one of the most frequently used emollient ingredients in moisturizers due to its gentleness and effectiveness. Dimethicone is considered a synthetic ingredient, even though itŠ—Ès derived from natural silicon.

Emollient,  Emulsifier,  Silicone, 

Dimethicone/PEG-10/15 Crosspolymer

Good

A mixture of the silicone dimethicone with PEG-10 and PEG-15.

Silicone,  Texture Enhancer,  Viscosity Control, 

Dimethicone/Vinyl Dimethicone Crosspolymer

Good

Texture Enhancer,  Fragrance,  Solvent,  Miscellaneous, 

Isododecane

Good

Synthetic hydrocarbon ingredient used as a solvent. Isododecane enhances the spreadability of products and has a weightless feel on skin. All hydrocarbons used in cosmetics help prevent the evaporation of water from skin.Among its many uses in beauty products, itŠ—Ès not uncommon to see isododecane in long-wear lipsticks and foundations, where it helps minimize color transfer and lends itself to a lightweight, matte finish.Reference for this information:Cosmetics & Toiletries, January 2014, pages 40-44

Emulsifier,  Texture Enhancer,  Thickeners/Emulsifier,  Miscellaneous, 

Lauryl PEG-9 Polydimethylsiloxyethyl Dimethicone

Good

A silicone polymer that has multiple functions in cosmetic products, including skin/hair softening and texture enhancer.

Antioxidant,  Skin-Softening,  Astringent, 

Lycium Barbarum Fruit

Good

The extract of the fruit commonly known as goji, goji berry, or wolfberry. This fruit extract is an antioxidant and also works as a skin-softening agent.

Skin-Restoring,  Moisturizer, 

Palmitoyl Tripeptide-1

Best

One of a number of synthetic peptides, which are chained amino acids that can have restorative benefits for skin. For more on the benefits of peptides, see our article Peptides for Skin.

Emollient,  Antistatic,  Solvent, 

Paraffinum Liquidum

Good

The Latin name for emollient ingredient mineral oil, also known as liquid paraffin. This term is acceptable to use on cosmetic ingredient lists, but should ideally be followed by Š—“(mineral oil)Š—

Preservative, 

Phenoxyethanol

Good

Common cosmetics preservative that's considered one of the least sensitizing for use in formulations. It does not release formaldehyde. Phenoxyethanol is approved worldwide (including in Japan and in the EU) for use in all types of water-based cosmetics, up to a 1% concentration.

Texture Enhancer,  Solvent, 

Propylene Carbonate

Good

Liquid used as a solvent and film-forming agent.

Antioxidant,  Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Fragrance,  Astringent, 

Punica Granatum

Best

Antioxidant,  Skin-Restoring,  Vitamin, 

Retinyl Palmitate

Best

Combination of retinol (pure vitamin A) and the fatty acid palmitic acid. Research has shown it to be an effective antioxidant when applied to skin. You may be surprised to learn that retinyl palmitate is found naturally in our skin, where it works as an antioxidant, particularly in regard to helping protect skin from UV light exposureŠ—”though it does not replace the need for sunscreen. Reports that retinyl palmitate is not a safe ingredient are false. TheyŠ—Ère based on a study from nearly 20 years ago that has never been reproduced or tested under real-life conditions such as how people use sunscreens that contain this ingredient. In addition, to date, there is no scientific evidence that retinyl palmitate is a carcinogen in humans. The safety of retinyl palmitate is supported by several accredited organizations and their opinions are widely available online. If you still have concerns, we encourage you to research the topic further.References for this information: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology, February 2016, pages 394-403 Acta Biochimica Polonica, 2015, pages 201-206 Clinical Interventions in Aging, December 2006, pages 327-348 Journal of Investigative Dermatology, November 2003, pages 1163-1167

Scrub Agent,  Viscosity Control, 

Sodium Chloride

Good

More popularly known as common table salt. Used primarily as a binding agent in skincare products and occasionally as an abrasive in scrub products.ξ

Miscellaneous, 

Talc

Good

Naturally occurring magnesium silicate mineral that is typically the main ingredient in face powders and is also used as an absorbent in skincare products. It is considered safe to use in cosmetics. The U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) has granted talc Š—“GRASŠ—

Antioxidant,  Vitamin,  Moisturizer, 

Tocopheryl Acetate

Best

Silicone,  Slip Agent, 

Triethoxycaprylylsilane

Good

Silicone that functions as a binding agent and emulsifier.

Antioxidant,  Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Moisturizer, 

Vitis Vinifera

Best

Latin name for the vines that produce wine grapes. More commonly known as grape seed oil or grape seed extract.

Solvent,  Miscellaneous, 

Water

Good

Most widely used cosmetic ingredient; water is almost always listed first on an ingredient label because it is usually the ingredient with the highest concentration in the formula. Despite claims of skinŠ—Ès need for hydration and claims regarding special types of water, it turns out that water may not be an important ingredient for skin. Only a 10% concentration of water in the outer layer of skin is necessary for softness and pliability in this part of the epidermis. Studies that have compared the water content of dry skin with that of normal or oily skin do not find a statistically significant difference in moisture levels between them.

Antioxidant,  Coloring Agents/Pigment,  Skin-Soothing,  Sunscreen Active,  Thickeners/Emulsifier,  Astringent, 

Zinc Oxide

Best

Inert earth mineral used as a thickening, lubricating, and sunscreen active ingredient in cosmetics. Along with titanium dioxide, zinc oxide is considered to have no risk of skin sensitization. As a sunscreen, it is effective in providing protection against sunŠ—Ès UVA rays in addition to UVB rays. Zinc oxide is also sometimes used in makeup to impart opacity to products like foundations, particularly powder-based makeup.

Viscosity Control, 

Hydrated Silica

Viscosity Control,  Surfactant,  Antistatic, 

Quaternium-18 Bentonite

This weightless silky formula melts into skin for a radiant and youthful-looking glow. The luminous, dewy finish helps boost suppleness and minimize the appearance of pores and fine lines for flawless coverage. This Broad Spectrum UVA/UVB SPF 25 formula is designed to help revitalize color and radiance to skin. Infused with Vitamin A, C, & E, Grape Seed Oil, Pomegranate Oil, and Goji Berry to help brighten, restore, nourish and protect the skin.

Allergic ingredients not found