The Ordinary

“BUFFET”

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Ingredient
Plant Extract,  Skin-Soothing,  Texture Enhancer,  Viscosity Control, 

Acacia Senegal Gum

Good

Herb that can have skin soothing properties, but is used primarily as a thickening agent.

Skin-Restoring,  Moisturizer, 

Acetyl Hexapeptide-8

Good

Synthetically derived peptide that is used in a wide range of skincare and makeup products.

Antioxidant,  Skin-Replenishing,  Moisturizer,  Antistatic, 

Aspartic Acid

Good

Texture Enhancer,  Moisturizer,  Solvent, 

Butylene Glycol

Good

Commonly-used ingredient that has multiple functions in cosmetics, including as a texture enhancer. It’s similar to propylene glycol, but has a lighter texture.

Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Preservative,  Moisturizer, 

Caprylyl Glycol

Good

Skin and hair conditioning agent that may be plant-derived or synthetic. Often used as part of a preservative blend in cosmetics.

Preservative, 

Chlorphenesin

Good

Type of alcohol used as a preservative in cosmetics.

Uncategorized,  Ph Adjusters, 

Citric Acid

Good

Extract derived from citrus fruits and used primarily in small amounts to adjust the pH of products to prevent them from being too alkaline.

Preservative,  Moisturizer,  Miscellaneous, 

Ethylhexylglycerin

Good

A synthetic skin-softening agent also used as a preservative, a carrier, or suspending agent for other preservatives such as phenoxyethanol.

Skin-Replenishing,  Moisturizer, 

Fructose

Good

Often called fruit sugar, fructose is a type of sugar composed of glucose. It has water-binding properties for skin.

Skin-Replenishing,  Skin-Restoring,  Moisturizer,  Solvent, 

Glycerin

Best

Also called glycerol or glycerine, glycerin is a humectant thatŠ—Ès present in all natural lipids (fats), whether animal or vegetable. It can be derived from natural substances by hydrolysis of fats and by fermentation of sugars; it also can be synthetically manufactured, which is usually the case with modern-day skincare products.Glycerin is a skin-replenishing and restoring ingredient, meaning it is a substance found naturally in skin, helping to establish normal balance and hydration. ItŠ—Ès one of the many substances in skin that helps maintain a healthy look and feel, defending against dryness and working to maintain skinŠ—Ès moisture level. Essentially, glycerin is a master at hydration, and works best when combined with other replenishing and emollient ingredients.Some people wonder whether using products with glycerin takes too much water from skin when there isnŠ—Èt enough humidity in the air. This can occur with pure glycerin (100% concentrationŠ—”an amount thatŠ—Ès never used in skincare products). Any humectant (including glycerin) used in pure form can increase water loss by attracting water from the lower layers of skin into the surface layers when the climate is too arid (low humidity). For this reason, glycerin and humectants are typically used in concentrations of 5% or less and always combined with other ingredients to soften skin. In fact, glycerin combined with other emollients and/or oils is a fundamental cornerstone of most moisturizers.References for this information:International Journal of Cosmetic Science, August 2016, ePublicationBritish Journal of Dermatology, July 2008, pages 23-34Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, June 2007, pages 75-82Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, June 2003, pages 7,360-7,365

Emollient,  Emulsifier,  Plant Extract,  Moisturizer,  Solvent, 

Glycine Soja Seed

Best

Skin-Restoring, 

Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-7

Best

Synthetic peptide that's part of Matrixyl 3000, which also contains palmitoyl oligopeptide, and is believed to work as a skin-restoring ingredient with anti-aging benefits.

Skin-Restoring,  Moisturizer, 

Palmitoyl Tripeptide-1

Best

One of a number of synthetic peptides, which are chained amino acids that can have restorative benefits for skin. For more on the benefits of peptides, see our article Peptides for Skin.

Skin-Restoring, 

Palmitoyl Tripeptide-38

Best

An ingredient manufactured by the brand Sederma under the trade name MATRIXYL syntheŠ—È6. The only research so far showing this ingredientŠ—Ès benefit comes from the brand. That research followed 25 women between the ages of 42 to 70 years old who had forehead lines and crowŠ—Ès feet. After two months, the women reported a decrease in signs of aging of 31% in some cases, and up to 100% in others using a 2% concentration of MATRIXYL syntheŠ—È6 versus the placebo.

Cleansing Agent,  Emollient,  Moisturizer, 

PEG-120 Methyl Glucose Dioleate

Good

Emollient,  Emulsifier,  Plant Extract,  Texture Enhancer,  Surfactant, 

PEG-40 Hydrogenated Castor Oil

Good

Emollient ingredient that is a mixture of synthetic polyethylene glycol (PEG) with natural castor oil. ItŠ—Ès considered safe for use in cosmetics. The weight and size of this ingredient is too large to penetrate beyond skinŠ—Ès surface, but thatŠ—Ès fineŠ—”this type of emollient is needed on the surface to stop moisture loss and keep skin feeling soft.

Texture Enhancer,  Moisturizer, 

Pentylene Glycol

Good

A synthetic skin-replenishing agent and solvent.

Preservative, 

Phenoxyethanol

Good

Common cosmetics preservative that's considered one of the least sensitizing for use in formulations. It does not release formaldehyde. Phenoxyethanol is approved worldwide (including in Japan and in the EU) for use in all types of water-based cosmetics, up to a 1% concentration.

Cleansing Agent,  Emulsifier,  Surfactant, 

Polysorbate 20

Good

Cleansing Agent,  Emulsifier,  Antistatic, 

Ppg-26-Buteth-26

Good

PPG stands for polypropylene glycol, and this ingredient combines PPG with an ether of a fatty alcohol known as buty alcohol. It has multiple functions in cosmetic products, ranging from hair conditioning agent to surfactant (cleansing agent), and emulsifier. This ingredient is always synthetic.

Antioxidant,  Skin-Replenishing,  Moisturizer,  Antistatic, 

Serine

Good

Preservative, 

Sodium Benzoate

Good

Salt of benzoic acid used as a preservative in both cosmetics and food products. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has designated it a Š—“generally recognized as safeŠ—

Scrub Agent,  Viscosity Control, 

Sodium Chloride

Good

More popularly known as common table salt. Used primarily as a binding agent in skincare products and occasionally as an abrasive in scrub products.ξ

Antioxidant,  Skin-Replenishing,  Skin-Restoring,  Moisturizer, 

Sodium Hyaluronate

Best

Salt form of skin-replenishing ingredient hyaluronic acid; considered more effective for skin than pure hyaluronic acid due to its greater compatibility. References for this information:

Film-Forming Agent,  Film-Forming/Holding Agent,  Skin-Replenishing,  Moisturizer, 

Sodium Hyaluronate Crosspolymer

Best

A modified form of skin-replenishing hyaluronic acid attached to a polymer structure that keeps it within skinŠ—Ès uppermost layers longer, allowing for enhanced hydration. Sodium hyaluronate crosspolymer is not animal-derived. References for this information:

Cleansing Agent,  Sensitizing,  Ph Adjusters, 

Sodium Hydroxide

Average

Also known as lye, sodium hydroxide is a highly alkaline ingredient used in small amounts in cosmetics to establish and hold the pH of a product.

Antioxidant,  Skin-Replenishing,  Antistatic, 

Threonine

Good

Antioxidant,  Skin-Replenishing,  Antistatic, 

Valine

Good

Solvent,  Miscellaneous, 

Water

Good

Most widely used cosmetic ingredient; water is almost always listed first on an ingredient label because it is usually the ingredient with the highest concentration in the formula. Despite claims of skinŠ—Ès need for hydration and claims regarding special types of water, it turns out that water may not be an important ingredient for skin. Only a 10% concentration of water in the outer layer of skin is necessary for softness and pliability in this part of the epidermis. Studies that have compared the water content of dry skin with that of normal or oily skin do not find a statistically significant difference in moisture levels between them.

Moisturizer,  Miscellaneous, 

Zinc Pca

Best

A synthetic skin-conditioning ingredient derived from zinc. Research has shown it has anti-aging benefits due to its ability to thwart destructive enzymes in skin that can damage its surface and lead to an aged, wrinkled appearance.

Emulsifier,  Surfactant, 

Hydroxypropyl Cyclodextrin

A plant- derived or synthetic carbohydrate that functions as a chelating agent and stabilizer. It is considered safe for use in cosmetics and has also been deemed safe for oral consumption (where its application, of course, differs from that of cosmetics). References for this information: Journal of Pharmaceutical Science, February 2013, pages 352-364 Food and Chemical Toxicology, October 2005, pages 1,451-1,459

Solvent, 

Maris Aqua

Viscosity Control, 

Potassium Carbomer

Moisturizer, 

Glycosyl Trehalose

Good

Trehalose is a sugar found in plants, fungi and invertebrate animals, and used in cosmetics and personal care products as a flavoring agent and moisturizer.

Viscosity Control, 

Natural Xanthan Gum

Moisturizer, 

Maltose

Pentapeptide-18

No Match

Multi-Technology Peptide Serum

This formula combines a comprehensive array of studied technologies to target multiple signs of ageing at once. The technologies are Matrixyl 3,000 peptide complex (with palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7), Matrixyl Synthe'6 peptide complex (with palmitoyl tripeptide-38), Syn-Ake peptide complex (with dipeptide diaminobutyroyl benzylamide diacetate), Relistase peptide complex (with acetylarginyltryptophyl diphenylglycine), Argirelox peptide complex (with acetyl hexapeptide-8, pentapeptide-18), Probiotic complex (with lactococcus lactis lysate), in a base of 11 skin-friendly amino acids and multiple hyaluronic acid complexes. The total concentration of these technologies in the formula by weight is 25.1%.

Directions:
Apply to the entire face in the AM and PM after cleaning.

Allergic ingredients not found