Drunk Elephant

C-FIRMA DAY SERUM

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Ingredient
Antioxidant,  Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Sunscreen Active,  Moisturizer,  Fragrance,  Astringent, 

Camellia Sinensis

Best

Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Preservative,  Moisturizer, 

Caprylyl Glycol

Good

Skin and hair conditioning agent that may be plant-derived or synthetic. Often used as part of a preservative blend in cosmetics.

Antioxidant,  Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Texture Enhancer,  Viscosity Control,  Fragrance, 

Chondrus Crispus

Good

Form of red seaweed.

Antioxidant,  Vitamin, 

D-Alpha-Tocopherol

Best

Antioxidant that's considered the most effective form of vitamin E.

Plant Extract,  Skin-Soothing,  Anti, 

Dipotassium Glycyrrhizate

Best

Antioxidant,  Plant Extract, 

Ferulic Acid

Best

Plant-based, phenolic antioxidant that is found in bran, among other plants.

Skin-Replenishing,  Skin-Restoring,  Moisturizer,  Solvent, 

Glycerin

Best

Also called glycerol or glycerine, glycerin is a humectant thatŠ—Ès present in all natural lipids (fats), whether animal or vegetable. It can be derived from natural substances by hydrolysis of fats and by fermentation of sugars; it also can be synthetically manufactured, which is usually the case with modern-day skincare products.Glycerin is a skin-replenishing and restoring ingredient, meaning it is a substance found naturally in skin, helping to establish normal balance and hydration. ItŠ—Ès one of the many substances in skin that helps maintain a healthy look and feel, defending against dryness and working to maintain skinŠ—Ès moisture level. Essentially, glycerin is a master at hydration, and works best when combined with other replenishing and emollient ingredients.Some people wonder whether using products with glycerin takes too much water from skin when there isnŠ—Èt enough humidity in the air. This can occur with pure glycerin (100% concentrationŠ—”an amount thatŠ—Ès never used in skincare products). Any humectant (including glycerin) used in pure form can increase water loss by attracting water from the lower layers of skin into the surface layers when the climate is too arid (low humidity). For this reason, glycerin and humectants are typically used in concentrations of 5% or less and always combined with other ingredients to soften skin. In fact, glycerin combined with other emollients and/or oils is a fundamental cornerstone of most moisturizers.References for this information:International Journal of Cosmetic Science, August 2016, ePublicationBritish Journal of Dermatology, July 2008, pages 23-34Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, June 2007, pages 75-82Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, June 2003, pages 7,360-7,365

Emollient,  Emulsifier,  Plant Extract,  Moisturizer,  Solvent, 

Glycine Soja Seed

Best

Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Skin-Soothing,  Fragrance,  Anti,  Whitening, 

Glycyrrhiza Glabra

Best

Film-Forming/Holding Agent,  Plant Extract,  Texture Enhancer,  Viscosity Control,  Antistatic, 

Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein

Good

Protein fraction from wheat that has been hydrolyzed, which is a chemical process involving the reaction of a substance with water and hydrochloric acid to form a modified substance. Functions as a hair conditioning agent and texture enhancer.

Texture Enhancer,  Thickeners/Emulsifier,  Viscosity Control,  Surfactant, 

Hydroxyethyl Acrylate/Sodium Acryloyl Dimethyl Taurate Copolymer

Good

Synthetic polymer that functions as a stabilizer, texture enhancer, and opacifying agent. The independent Cosmetic Ingredient Review has deemed this ingredient safe as used in cosmetics.

Cleansing Agent,  Emollient,  Texture Enhancer,  Thickeners/Emulsifier,  Solvent, 

Isohexadecane

Good

Synthetic, dry-finish ingredient with a powder-like finish. Used as a cleansing agent and texture enhancer in cosmetics, particularly those for oily skin. The size of isohexadecane keeps it from penetrating too far into the skin, so it can be a good ingredient to keep other ingredients, like certain antioxidants, on skinŠ—Ès surface.

Cleansing Agent,  Emulsifier,  Texture Enhancer,  Thickeners/Emulsifier,  Surfactant, 

Laureth-23

Good

Derived from lauryl alcohol and used either as a cleansing agent or texture enhancer (or, in many cases, as both).

Antioxidant,  Plant Extract,  Skin-Soothing,  Moisturizer, 

Phyllanthus Emblica Fruit

Best

Extract that has antioxidant and skin-soothing properties.

Cleansing Agent,  Emulsifier,  Surfactant, 

Polysorbate 60

Good

Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Skin-Replenishing,  Moisturizer, 

Sclerocarya Birrea

Best

More commonly known as marula oil, Sclerocarya birrea oil is a non-fragrant plant oil that's a rich source of fatty acids for skin, including palmitic and stearic acids.ξ

Antioxidant,  Skin-Replenishing,  Skin-Restoring,  Moisturizer, 

Sodium Hyaluronate

Best

Salt form of skin-replenishing ingredient hyaluronic acid; considered more effective for skin than pure hyaluronic acid due to its greater compatibility. References for this information:

Film-Forming Agent,  Film-Forming/Holding Agent,  Skin-Replenishing,  Moisturizer, 

Sodium Hyaluronate Crosspolymer

Best

A modified form of skin-replenishing hyaluronic acid attached to a polymer structure that keeps it within skinŠ—Ès uppermost layers longer, allowing for enhanced hydration. Sodium hyaluronate crosspolymer is not animal-derived. References for this information:

Cleansing Agent,  Sensitizing,  Ph Adjusters, 

Sodium Hydroxide

Average

Also known as lye, sodium hydroxide is a highly alkaline ingredient used in small amounts in cosmetics to establish and hold the pH of a product.

Antioxidant, 

Tetrahydrobisdemethoxydiferuloylmethane

Best

A synthetic antioxidant derived from curcumin.

Antioxidant,  Skin-Soothing, 

Tetrahydrodemethoxydiferuloylmethane

Best

A synthetic antioxidant that provides the beneficial effects of the antioxidant curcumin but without the deep yellow coloration this plant imparts, which would be cosmetically unacceptable. Known collectively as curcuminoids, these compounds exert an skin-soothing benefit.

Antioxidant,  Skin-Soothing, 

Tetrahydrodiferuloylmethane

Best

Antioxidant and skin-soothing plant extract.

Antioxidant,  Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Moisturizer, 

Vitis Vinifera

Best

Latin name for the vines that produce wine grapes. More commonly known as grape seed oil or grape seed extract.

Solvent,  Miscellaneous, 

Water

Good

Most widely used cosmetic ingredient; water is almost always listed first on an ingredient label because it is usually the ingredient with the highest concentration in the formula. Despite claims of skinŠ—Ès need for hydration and claims regarding special types of water, it turns out that water may not be an important ingredient for skin. Only a 10% concentration of water in the outer layer of skin is necessary for softness and pliability in this part of the epidermis. Studies that have compared the water content of dry skin with that of normal or oily skin do not find a statistically significant difference in moisture levels between them.

Plant Extract,  Fragrance,  Astringent, 

Punica Granatum Glycerides

Emulsifier,  Antistatic, 

Sucrose Cocoate

Moisturizer, 

N-Acetyl Glucosamine

Viscosity Control,  Solvent, 

1,3-Propanediol

Viscosity Control, 

Natural Xanthan Gum

Antioxidant,  Whitening, 

3-O-Ethyl Ascorbic Acid

L-ascorbic acid with pH level of between 3.3 to 3.5.

Allergic ingredients not found