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Ingredient
Texture Enhancer,  Viscosity Control,  Surfactant, 

Ammonium Acryloyldimethyltaurate/Vp Copolymer

Good

According to the Personal Care Product CouncilŠ—Ès Ingredient Infobase, ammonium acryloyldimethyltaurate/VP copolymer is a synthetic polymer and film-forming agent that also serves to thicken cosmetic formulas. It is used in low amounts in a variety of products due to its stabilizing abilities and esthetically pleasing feel.

Texture Enhancer,  Moisturizer,  Solvent, 

Butylene Glycol

Good

Commonly-used ingredient that has multiple functions in cosmetics, including as a texture enhancer. It’s similar to propylene glycol, but has a lighter texture.

Antioxidant,  Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Sunscreen Active,  Moisturizer,  Fragrance,  Astringent, 

Camellia Sinensis

Best

Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Preservative,  Moisturizer, 

Caprylyl Glycol

Good

Skin and hair conditioning agent that may be plant-derived or synthetic. Often used as part of a preservative blend in cosmetics.

Emollient,  Silicone, 

Dimethicone

Good

A type of silicone, dimethicone is one of the most frequently used emollient ingredients in moisturizers due to its gentleness and effectiveness. Dimethicone is considered a synthetic ingredient, even though itŠ—Ès derived from natural silicon.

Plant Extract,  Skin-Soothing, 

Epilobium Angustifolium

Best

Extract derived from a plant commonly known as fireweed or willow herb. It is known to have soothing and antioxidant effects on skin.

Preservative,  Moisturizer,  Miscellaneous, 

Ethylhexylglycerin

Good

A synthetic skin-softening agent also used as a preservative, a carrier, or suspending agent for other preservatives such as phenoxyethanol.

Skin-Replenishing,  Skin-Restoring,  Moisturizer,  Solvent, 

Glycerin

Best

Also called glycerol or glycerine, glycerin is a humectant thatŠ—Ès present in all natural lipids (fats), whether animal or vegetable. It can be derived from natural substances by hydrolysis of fats and by fermentation of sugars; it also can be synthetically manufactured, which is usually the case with modern-day skincare products.Glycerin is a skin-replenishing and restoring ingredient, meaning it is a substance found naturally in skin, helping to establish normal balance and hydration. ItŠ—Ès one of the many substances in skin that helps maintain a healthy look and feel, defending against dryness and working to maintain skinŠ—Ès moisture level. Essentially, glycerin is a master at hydration, and works best when combined with other replenishing and emollient ingredients.Some people wonder whether using products with glycerin takes too much water from skin when there isnŠ—Èt enough humidity in the air. This can occur with pure glycerin (100% concentrationŠ—”an amount thatŠ—Ès never used in skincare products). Any humectant (including glycerin) used in pure form can increase water loss by attracting water from the lower layers of skin into the surface layers when the climate is too arid (low humidity). For this reason, glycerin and humectants are typically used in concentrations of 5% or less and always combined with other ingredients to soften skin. In fact, glycerin combined with other emollients and/or oils is a fundamental cornerstone of most moisturizers.References for this information:International Journal of Cosmetic Science, August 2016, ePublicationBritish Journal of Dermatology, July 2008, pages 23-34Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, June 2007, pages 75-82Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, June 2003, pages 7,360-7,365

Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Skin-Soothing,  Fragrance,  Anti,  Whitening, 

Glycyrrhiza Glabra

Best

Emulsifier,  Slip Agent,  Surfactant,  Solvent, 

Hexylene Glycol

Good

Cleansing Agent,  Emulsifier,  Skin-Replenishing, 

Lauric Acid

Best

One of several fatty acids found in coconut oil and other natural fats, lauric acid has multiple uses in cosmetics. Its natural bay leaf-like scent can be used in high amounts to add fragrance to products, but itŠ—Ès more often used as a base for cleansing agents, and, increasingly, for its skin-soothing actions. Some studies have shown it can also have antimicrobial activity.

Antioxidant,  Skin-Soothing,  Viscosity Control,  Anti, 

Oat Beta-Glucan

Best

Cleansing Agent,  Emulsifier,  Surfactant, 

PEG-40 Stearate

Good

PEG-40 stearate typically functions as a cleansing agent, but also helps keep ingredients solubolized.

Preservative, 

Phenoxyethanol

Good

Common cosmetics preservative that's considered one of the least sensitizing for use in formulations. It does not release formaldehyde. Phenoxyethanol is approved worldwide (including in Japan and in the EU) for use in all types of water-based cosmetics, up to a 1% concentration.

Cleansing Agent,  Emulsifier,  Surfactant, 

Polysorbate 20

Good

Anti-Acne,  Exfoliant,  Skin-Soothing,  Whitening, 

Salicylic Acid

Best

Also called beta hydroxy acid (BHA), this multifunctional ingredient addresses many of the systemic causes of acne. Its primary benefit is as an exfoliant, helping shed dead skin in a way similar to how skin acts when we are younger. Because it has the ability to penetrate into the pore lining and exfoliate inside the pore as well as on the surface of skin, it is especially effective for reducing breakouts, including blackheads and whiteheads.In addition to these benefits, salicylic acid also has soothing properties to calm aggravated skin, can help minimize the appearance of an uneven skin tone, and has hydrating abilities that can result in smoother skin.References for this information:Clinical, Cosmetic, and Investigational Dermatology,ξAugust 2015, pages 455-461Clinical, Cosmetic, and Investigational Dermatology, November 2010, pages 135-142Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery, September 2008, pages 170-176Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, April 2007, pages 651-663International Journal of Cosmetic Science, February 2000, pages 21-52Seminars in Dermatology, December 1990, pages 305-308.

Cleansing Agent,  Sensitizing,  Ph Adjusters, 

Sodium Hydroxide

Average

Also known as lye, sodium hydroxide is a highly alkaline ingredient used in small amounts in cosmetics to establish and hold the pH of a product.

Emulsifier,  Thickeners/Emulsifier, 

Sorbitan Stearate

Good

Emulsifier used to thicken and stabilize cosmetics formulations.

Solvent,  Miscellaneous, 

Water

Good

Most widely used cosmetic ingredient; water is almost always listed first on an ingredient label because it is usually the ingredient with the highest concentration in the formula. Despite claims of skinŠ—Ès need for hydration and claims regarding special types of water, it turns out that water may not be an important ingredient for skin. Only a 10% concentration of water in the outer layer of skin is necessary for softness and pliability in this part of the epidermis. Studies that have compared the water content of dry skin with that of normal or oily skin do not find a statistically significant difference in moisture levels between them.

Emulsifier,  Viscosity Control,  Surfactant, 

Cetyl Stearyl Alcohol

Viscosity Control, 

Natural Xanthan Gum

A completely gentle, non-abrasive, leave-on exfoliant that sheds built-up layers of dead skin to reveal the hidden radiant skin beneath. Perfect for someone with sensitive skin who wants to visibly diminish pore size and the appearance of wrinkles and ease redness.
Salicylic acid (BHA) provides gentle exfoliation
Reveals glowing, hydrated skin
Lightweight lotion is perfect for sensitive skin
Use twice daily after cleansing & toning skin
SKIN TYPES: All Skin Types
CONCERNS: Redness, Extra Sensitive Skin, Blackheads

Allergic ingredients not found