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Ingredient
Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Texture Enhancer,  Fragrance, 

Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride

Best

Derived from coconut oil and glycerin, itŠ—Ès considered an excellent emollient and skin-replenishing ingredient. ItŠ—Ès included in cosmetics due to its mix of fatty acids that skin can use to replenish its surface and resist moisture loss. Caprylic/capric triglyceride can also function as a thickener, but its chief job is to moisturize and replenish skin. This ingredientŠ—Ès value for skin is made greater by the fact that itŠ—Ès considered gentle.Reference for this information:Food and Chemical Toxicology, January 2000, issue 1, pages 79-98

Skin-Replenishing,  Moisturizer, 

Ceramide Ap

Best

Skin-Replenishing, 

Ceramide Eop

Best

Skin-Replenishing,  Moisturizer,  Fragrance, 

Ceramide Np

Best

One of several types of ceramides, which are naturally occurring, long chains of lipids (fats) that are major components of skinŠ—Ès outer layers. Research shows moisturizers containing ceramide NP can improve the look and feel of dry skin.

Emollient,  Emulsifier,  Skin-Replenishing,  Viscosity Control, 

Cholesterol

Best

Applied topically, cholesterol in cosmetics can help maintain the skinŠ—Ès healthy feel and appearance. It is also a stabilizer, emollient, and water-binding agent.

Plant Extract, 

Chrysanthemum Parthenium

Average

Plant Extract,  Skin-Soothing, 

Epilobium Angustifolium

Best

Extract derived from a plant commonly known as fireweed or willow herb. It is known to have soothing and antioxidant effects on skin.

Preservative,  Moisturizer,  Miscellaneous, 

Ethylhexylglycerin

Good

A synthetic skin-softening agent also used as a preservative, a carrier, or suspending agent for other preservatives such as phenoxyethanol.

Skin-Replenishing,  Skin-Restoring,  Moisturizer,  Solvent, 

Glycerin

Best

Also called glycerol or glycerine, glycerin is a humectant thatŠ—Ès present in all natural lipids (fats), whether animal or vegetable. It can be derived from natural substances by hydrolysis of fats and by fermentation of sugars; it also can be synthetically manufactured, which is usually the case with modern-day skincare products.Glycerin is a skin-replenishing and restoring ingredient, meaning it is a substance found naturally in skin, helping to establish normal balance and hydration. ItŠ—Ès one of the many substances in skin that helps maintain a healthy look and feel, defending against dryness and working to maintain skinŠ—Ès moisture level. Essentially, glycerin is a master at hydration, and works best when combined with other replenishing and emollient ingredients.Some people wonder whether using products with glycerin takes too much water from skin when there isnŠ—Èt enough humidity in the air. This can occur with pure glycerin (100% concentrationŠ—”an amount thatŠ—Ès never used in skincare products). Any humectant (including glycerin) used in pure form can increase water loss by attracting water from the lower layers of skin into the surface layers when the climate is too arid (low humidity). For this reason, glycerin and humectants are typically used in concentrations of 5% or less and always combined with other ingredients to soften skin. In fact, glycerin combined with other emollients and/or oils is a fundamental cornerstone of most moisturizers.References for this information:International Journal of Cosmetic Science, August 2016, ePublicationBritish Journal of Dermatology, July 2008, pages 23-34Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, June 2007, pages 75-82Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, June 2003, pages 7,360-7,365

Emollient,  Emulsifier,  Plant Extract,  Moisturizer,  Solvent, 

Glycine Soja Seed

Best

Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Skin-Soothing,  Fragrance,  Anti,  Whitening, 

Glycyrrhiza Glabra

Best

Antioxidant,  Skin-Soothing,  Viscosity Control,  Anti, 

Oat Beta-Glucan

Best

Preservative, 

Phenoxyethanol

Good

Common cosmetics preservative that's considered one of the least sensitizing for use in formulations. It does not release formaldehyde. Phenoxyethanol is approved worldwide (including in Japan and in the EU) for use in all types of water-based cosmetics, up to a 1% concentration.

Cleansing Agent,  Emulsifier,  Surfactant, 

Polysorbate 20

Good

Hydration, 

Sarcosine

Good

A synthetic amino acid derivative that functions as a skin conditioning and oil-control agent and may play a role in enhancing the penetration of other ingredients. Research has shown that sarcosine can help minimize the impact UV light exposure has on skinŠ—Ès surface, so you may find it included in various types of sunscreen. ItŠ—Ès considered non-sensitizing. References for this information: Journal of Controlled Release, January 2013, pages 91-100 International Journal of Toxicology, July-August 2012, pages 358-363 Skin Pharmacology and Physiology, January 2007, pages 155-161

Skin-Soothing, 

Sea Whip

Best

Extract from a creature (Pseudopterogorgia elisabethae) that inhabits coral reefs, known for its skin-soothing properties, which makes it useful for all skin types, especially sensitive or redness-prone skin.References for this information: Journal of Inflammation (London), March 2009: https://journal-inflammation.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1476-9255-6-5 Journal of Natural Products, January 2001, pages 100Š—–102 Life Sciences, May 22, 1998, pages 401Š—–407

Cleansing Agent,  Surfactant, 

Sodium Cocoyl Amino Acids

Good

The salt form of amino acids hydrolyzed from coconut. In cosmetics they are used as a mild surfactant.

Antioxidant,  Skin-Replenishing,  Skin-Restoring,  Moisturizer, 

Sodium Hyaluronate

Best

Salt form of skin-replenishing ingredient hyaluronic acid; considered more effective for skin than pure hyaluronic acid due to its greater compatibility. References for this information:

Cleansing Agent,  Emulsifier,  Thickeners/Emulsifier, 

Sodium Lauroyl Lactylate

Good

Used as an emulsifier and mild thickening agent in cosmetics. In higher concentrations, it functions as a surfactant.

Antioxidant,  Skin-Soothing, 

Ubiquinone

Best

Also known as coenzyme Q10, it is a vitamin-like, fat-soluble substance naturally present in the body. Applied to skin, it can have antioxidant benefits due to its energizing effect on factors in skin that tend to slow down with age and cumulative sun exposure.ξ

Solvent,  Miscellaneous, 

Water

Good

Most widely used cosmetic ingredient; water is almost always listed first on an ingredient label because it is usually the ingredient with the highest concentration in the formula. Despite claims of skinŠ—Ès need for hydration and claims regarding special types of water, it turns out that water may not be an important ingredient for skin. Only a 10% concentration of water in the outer layer of skin is necessary for softness and pliability in this part of the epidermis. Studies that have compared the water content of dry skin with that of normal or oily skin do not find a statistically significant difference in moisture levels between them.

Viscosity Control, 

Potassium Carbomer

Viscosity Control, 

Natural Xanthan Gum

This antioxidant-enriched, silky-soft serum soothes and calms the appearance of redness with a lightweight yet hydrating anti-aging formula.
Smooths fine lines and wrinkles
Hydrating complex moisturizes and eases redness
Lightweight but concentrated anti-aging formulation
Use twice daily after cleansing, toning & exfoliating
SKIN TYPES: All Skin Types
CONCERNS: Redness, Extra Sensitive Skin, Wrinkles

Allergic ingredients not found