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Ingredient
Antioxidant,  Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Sunscreen Active,  Moisturizer,  Fragrance,  Astringent, 

Camellia Sinensis

Best

Fragrance: Synthetic And Fragrant Plant Extract,  Sensitizing,  Fragrance, 

Fragrance

Poor

One or a blend of volatile and/or fragrant plant oils (or synthetically derived oils) that impart aroma and odor to products. These are often skin sensitizers because they are composed of hundreds of individual chemical components. Fragrance is a leading source of sensitivity to cosmetics.

Antioxidant,  Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Uncategorized,  Fragrance,  Astringent, 

Grapefruit Seed

Poor

Labelled as Citrus paradisi (grapefruit) seed extract, this is often claimed as a natural preservative when added to cosmetics. However, research has demonstrated that it is not an ideal preservative agent, as it cannot protect against both the most common forms of growthŠ—”even in sealed, pump-style packaging. [1,2,3] Yes, citrus extracts can have preservative-like benefits, but they're simply not strong enough to defend against from a broad range of substances necessary to properly preserve a skincare product. References Cited: von Woedtke T, Schl’_ter B, Pflegel P, Lindequist U, J’_lich W. Aspects of the efficacy of grapefruit seed extract and its relation to preservative substances contained. Pharmazie. 1999;54(6):452-6. Cvetnic Z, Vladimir-Knezevic S. Preservative activity of grapefruit seed and pulp ethanolic extract. Acta Pharm. 2004;54(3):243-50. Takeoka G, Dao L, Wong R, Lundin R, Mahoney N. Identification of benzethonium chloride in commercial grapefruit seed extracts. J Agric Food Chem. 2001;49(7):3316-20.

Emollient,  Antistatic,  Solvent, 

Mineral Oil

Good

Clear, odorless oil derived from petroleum that is widely used in cosmetics. Despite mineral oilŠ—Ès association with petroleum and the hype that itŠ—Ès bad for or ages skin, keep in mind that petroleum is a natural ingredient derived from the earth. Once itŠ—Ès purified to become mineral oil USP (cosmetics- and pharmaceutical-grade mineral oil), it has no resemblance to the original petroleum and isnŠ—Èt a source of contaminants.

Plant Extract,  Moisturizer, 

Sugarcane

Average

Ingredients like sugarcane extract, fruit extracts, mixed fruit extracts, and milk solids may claim an association with AHAs, but they are not the same thing nor do they have the same beneficial effect on skin. While glycolic acid can indeed be derived from sugarcane, if you assume that sugarcane will net you the same result as glycolic acid, that would be like assuming you could write on a tree the way you can write on paper.

Solvent,  Miscellaneous, 

Water

Good

Most widely used cosmetic ingredient; water is almost always listed first on an ingredient label because it is usually the ingredient with the highest concentration in the formula. Despite claims of skinŠ—Ès need for hydration and claims regarding special types of water, it turns out that water may not be an important ingredient for skin. Only a 10% concentration of water in the outer layer of skin is necessary for softness and pliability in this part of the epidermis. Studies that have compared the water content of dry skin with that of normal or oily skin do not find a statistically significant difference in moisture levels between them.

Emollient, 

Cetyl Caprylate

Polisorbate 20

No Match

Self-emulsifying mineral oil with green tea extract.

Allergic ingredients not found