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Ingredient
Antioxidant,  Emollient,  Plant Extract, 

Camellia Japonica

Best

The leaf has been shown in vitro to be potent antioxidant, while the seed oil is a good source of the fatty acid oleic acid and is chemically similar to the fats found in olive oil. It also has skin-soothing benefits.

Antioxidant,  Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Sunscreen Active,  Moisturizer,  Fragrance,  Astringent, 

Camellia Sinensis

Best

Fragrance: Synthetic And Fragrant Plant Extract,  Plant Extract,  Fragrance, 

Cananga

Poor

Fragrance used in cosmetics; it can be a skin sensitizer, much like ylang ylang.

Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Moisturizer,  Fragrance, 

Coconut Oil

Best

Non-volatile, non-fragrant plant kernel oil whose high saturated fat content has emollient properties for skin.Coconut oil is a rich source of medium-chain fatty acids, also known as medium-chain triglycerides. Used by itself as a moisturizer, coconut oilŠ—Ès effectiveness is similar to that of mineral oil.Oral consumption of virgin coconut oil has been shown to increase the antioxidant content of skin compared to olive and sunflower oils.Contrary to claims, coconut oil does not provide sufficient sun protection for skin. Research has shown it only screens about 20% of UV light before it can damage skin, which means 80% still gets through. Therefore, skipping regular, broad spectrum sunscreen in favor of coconut oil is putting your skin at risk for early signs of aging and other undesirable effects.For more information about coconut oil, see our article Coconut Oil for Skin.References for this information:International Journal of Dermatology, January 2014, pages 100-108Food & Function, September 2013, pages 1,402-1,409Pharmacognosy Review, July-December 2011, pages 164-173Skin Pharmacology and Physiology, June 2010, pages 290-297Dermatitis, November-December 2008, pages 308-315; and September 2004, pages 109-116

Antioxidant,  Vitamin, 

D-Alpha-Tocopherol

Best

Antioxidant that's considered the most effective form of vitamin E.

Fragrance: Synthetic And Fragrant Plant Extract,  Sensitizing,  Fragrance, 

Fragrance

Poor

One or a blend of volatile and/or fragrant plant oils (or synthetically derived oils) that impart aroma and odor to products. These are often skin sensitizers because they are composed of hundreds of individual chemical components. Fragrance is a leading source of sensitivity to cosmetics.

Skin-Replenishing,  Skin-Restoring,  Moisturizer,  Solvent, 

Glycerin

Best

Also called glycerol or glycerine, glycerin is a humectant thatŠ—Ès present in all natural lipids (fats), whether animal or vegetable. It can be derived from natural substances by hydrolysis of fats and by fermentation of sugars; it also can be synthetically manufactured, which is usually the case with modern-day skincare products.Glycerin is a skin-replenishing and restoring ingredient, meaning it is a substance found naturally in skin, helping to establish normal balance and hydration. ItŠ—Ès one of the many substances in skin that helps maintain a healthy look and feel, defending against dryness and working to maintain skinŠ—Ès moisture level. Essentially, glycerin is a master at hydration, and works best when combined with other replenishing and emollient ingredients.Some people wonder whether using products with glycerin takes too much water from skin when there isnŠ—Èt enough humidity in the air. This can occur with pure glycerin (100% concentrationŠ—”an amount thatŠ—Ès never used in skincare products). Any humectant (including glycerin) used in pure form can increase water loss by attracting water from the lower layers of skin into the surface layers when the climate is too arid (low humidity). For this reason, glycerin and humectants are typically used in concentrations of 5% or less and always combined with other ingredients to soften skin. In fact, glycerin combined with other emollients and/or oils is a fundamental cornerstone of most moisturizers.References for this information:International Journal of Cosmetic Science, August 2016, ePublicationBritish Journal of Dermatology, July 2008, pages 23-34Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, June 2007, pages 75-82Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, June 2003, pages 7,360-7,365

Antioxidant,  Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Fragrance, 

Helianthus Annuus Seed Oil

Best

Cleansing Agent,  Emulsifier,  Skin-Replenishing, 

Lauric Acid

Best

One of several fatty acids found in coconut oil and other natural fats, lauric acid has multiple uses in cosmetics. Its natural bay leaf-like scent can be used in high amounts to add fragrance to products, but itŠ—Ès more often used as a base for cleansing agents, and, increasingly, for its skin-soothing actions. Some studies have shown it can also have antimicrobial activity.

Emollient,  Fragrance: Synthetic And Fragrant Plant Extract,  Plant Extract,  Sensitizing,  Fragrance,  Astringent, 

Lemon

Poor

Citrus fruit thatŠ—Ès a potent skin sensitizer.The juice from lemon is often touted as being a natural option for brightening skin. The truth is that lemon juice is highly acidic (has a very low pH of 2) and exceedingly sensitizing to skin. Lemon juice applied to skin can cause photosensitivty on exposure to sunlight, which is due to a volatile fragrance chemical known as limonene, which is abundant in lemon juice. Lemon, whether in juice or oil form, is a must to avoid in cosmetics.ξ

Antioxidant,  Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Skin-Replenishing,  Fragrance,  Solvent, 

Olea Europaea Fruit Oil

Good

Cleansing Agent,  Ph Adjusters, 

Potassium Hydroxide

Average

Highly alkaline ingredient (also known as lye) used in small amounts in cosmetics to modulate the pH of a product. ItŠ—Ès also used as a cleansing agent, most often in pure soaps or soap hybrid products. In higher concentrations, potassium hydroxide can aggravate skin, even if used in rinse-off products.

Emollient,  Plant Extract, 

Prunus Armeniaca

Good

Fragrance: Synthetic And Fragrant Plant Extract,  Plant Extract,  Astringent, 

Rose Flower

Poor

Highly fragrant substance that can aggravate skin.

Solvent,  Miscellaneous, 

Water

Good

Most widely used cosmetic ingredient; water is almost always listed first on an ingredient label because it is usually the ingredient with the highest concentration in the formula. Despite claims of skinŠ—Ès need for hydration and claims regarding special types of water, it turns out that water may not be an important ingredient for skin. Only a 10% concentration of water in the outer layer of skin is necessary for softness and pliability in this part of the epidermis. Studies that have compared the water content of dry skin with that of normal or oily skin do not find a statistically significant difference in moisture levels between them.

Moisturizer,  Viscosity Control,  Antistatic, 

Betaine

Plant Extract,  Fragrance, 

Citrus Aurantifolia

Surfactant,  Antistatic, 

Lauryl Betaine

Fragrance, 

Ocimum Basilicum

Emulsifier,  Viscosity Control, 

Palm Stearic Acid

Fragrance, 

Origanum Heracleoticum

It's la vie en rose with this spa-facial-in-a-stick. Infused with real Rose Petals and Fermented Herb Extracts, it clarifies pores while lavishing skin with unique nutrients. The result is refreshingly clean and residue-free skin.

Free from: formaldehyde, propylene glycol, formaldehyde-releasers, silicones, alcohol, peg, phthalates, dye, talc, coal tar, parabens, sulfates, tea, triclosan, sodium lauryl sulfate, mit, mineral oil

Allergic ingredients not found