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Ingredient
Skin-Restoring,  Skin-Soothing, 

Adenosine Triphosphate

Best

Organic compound from adenosine, which is formed by the hydrolysis of yeast nucleic acids.

Antioxidant,  Skin-Soothing,  Fragrance,  Anti,  Whitening, 

Anthemis Nobilis

Best

Antioxidant,  Emollient,  Plant Extract, 

Argania Spinosa

Best

Texture Enhancer,  Moisturizer,  Solvent, 

Butylene Glycol

Good

Commonly-used ingredient that has multiple functions in cosmetics, including as a texture enhancer. It’s similar to propylene glycol, but has a lighter texture.

Vitamin,  Antistatic, 

Calcium Pantothenate

Good

Also known as pantothenic acid.

Antioxidant,  Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Fragrance,  Anti, 

Calendula Officinalis

Good

Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Texture Enhancer,  Fragrance, 

Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride

Best

Derived from coconut oil and glycerin, itŠ—Ès considered an excellent emollient and skin-replenishing ingredient. ItŠ—Ès included in cosmetics due to its mix of fatty acids that skin can use to replenish its surface and resist moisture loss. Caprylic/capric triglyceride can also function as a thickener, but its chief job is to moisturize and replenish skin. This ingredientŠ—Ès value for skin is made greater by the fact that itŠ—Ès considered gentle.Reference for this information:Food and Chemical Toxicology, January 2000, issue 1, pages 79-98

Fragrance: Synthetic And Fragrant Plant Extract,  Sensitizing,  Fragrance, 

Fragrance

Poor

One or a blend of volatile and/or fragrant plant oils (or synthetically derived oils) that impart aroma and odor to products. These are often skin sensitizers because they are composed of hundreds of individual chemical components. Fragrance is a leading source of sensitivity to cosmetics.

Skin-Replenishing,  Skin-Restoring,  Moisturizer,  Solvent, 

Glycerin

Best

Also called glycerol or glycerine, glycerin is a humectant thatŠ—Ès present in all natural lipids (fats), whether animal or vegetable. It can be derived from natural substances by hydrolysis of fats and by fermentation of sugars; it also can be synthetically manufactured, which is usually the case with modern-day skincare products.Glycerin is a skin-replenishing and restoring ingredient, meaning it is a substance found naturally in skin, helping to establish normal balance and hydration. ItŠ—Ès one of the many substances in skin that helps maintain a healthy look and feel, defending against dryness and working to maintain skinŠ—Ès moisture level. Essentially, glycerin is a master at hydration, and works best when combined with other replenishing and emollient ingredients.Some people wonder whether using products with glycerin takes too much water from skin when there isnŠ—Èt enough humidity in the air. This can occur with pure glycerin (100% concentrationŠ—”an amount thatŠ—Ès never used in skincare products). Any humectant (including glycerin) used in pure form can increase water loss by attracting water from the lower layers of skin into the surface layers when the climate is too arid (low humidity). For this reason, glycerin and humectants are typically used in concentrations of 5% or less and always combined with other ingredients to soften skin. In fact, glycerin combined with other emollients and/or oils is a fundamental cornerstone of most moisturizers.References for this information:International Journal of Cosmetic Science, August 2016, ePublicationBritish Journal of Dermatology, July 2008, pages 23-34Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, June 2007, pages 75-82Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, June 2003, pages 7,360-7,365

Antioxidant,  Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Fragrance, 

Helianthus Annuus Seed Oil

Best

Antioxidant,  Skin-Soothing,  Vitamin,  Moisturizer, 

Honey

Best

Substance produced by bees from the nectar of flowering plants. Composed primarily of the sugars fructose and glucose and consumed as food, honey also has applications when it comes to skincare. This is due to its amino acid, peptide, antioxidant, antibacterial composition. The primary research on honey and skin has to do with its multi-faceted role in soothing various concerns. Dark honeys have a stronger antioxidant effect than light honeys. Regular honey is also known as clarified honey or purified honey. HoneyŠ—Ès primary use in skincare products is related to its potent antioxidant properties; however, itŠ—Ès role in helping wounds heal has been shown to have some benefits in comparison to traditional medicines and procedures. Honey forms a barrier on skin that can help soothe and protect. Manuka is a type of honey that shows up in many skincare products. Often hyped as a special kind of honey, itŠ—Ès produced in New Zealand from bees that pollinate the countryŠ—Ès native Manuka shrub. Manuka honey is similar to Š—“regularŠ—

Emollient,  Texture Enhancer,  Thickeners/Emulsifier, 

Hydrogenated Coco-Glyceride

Good

Used as an emollient and thickening agent in cosmetics.

Emollient,  Emulsifier,  Skin-Restoring, 

Hydrogenated Lecithin

Best

Hydrogenated form of the skin-restoring ingredient lecithin. It may be derived from animals or plants (egg yolk is a source) or manufactured synthetically.

Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Moisturizer, 

Limnanthes Alba Seed Oil

Good

Skin-Softening,  Moisturizer,  Surfactant, 

Methyl Gluceth-20

Good

Synthetic liquid that functions as a water-binding and skin-softening agent.

Antioxidant,  Skin-Restoring,  Skin-Soothing,  Vitamin, 

Niacinamide

Best

Also known as vitamin B3 and nicotinic acid, niacinamide is a very effective skin-restoring ingredient that offers multiple benefits for aging skin. Among these benefits is the ability to visibly improve the appearance of enlarged pores, uneven skin tone, fine lines, dullness, and a weakened skin surface. Niacinamide can also mitigate the damage environmental attack can cause, and is stable in the presence of heat and light.What about using vitamin C (ascorbic acid) and niacinamide in the same product or applied at the same time in separate products?ξYou might have read or heard that niacinamide and vitamin C shouldnŠ—Èt be used at the same time, whether found together in the same product or applied separately one after the other. Rest assured, this combination is fine and is in fact quite beneficial!ξThe research this misconception is based on was conducted in the 1960s; the forms of niacinamide and vitamin C used in this study were not stabilizedŠ—”although niacinamide itself is very stable. The base of the formula used in this study was also far different than todayŠ—Ès sophisticated skincare formulas. ξToday, cosmetic chemists know how to combine niacinamide and vitamin C in the ideal base formulas that enhance their compatibility.ξThe other common concern weŠ—Ève seen about combining these two ingredients has to do with the pH range. The concern is that the acidic environment ascorbic acid needs to be most effective will cause niacinamide will convert to nicotinic acid, a form that can be sensitizing, possibly inducing redness. Good news: This conversion process would only happen under conditions of the formula being exposed to very high heat for a long period of time. This would not apply to layering skincare products or to heat conditions that occur during manufacturing, transport, and storage of cosmetic products that contain niacinamide and ascorbic acid.

Emollient,  Emulsifier,  Texture Enhancer,  Fragrance,  Solvent, 

Octyldodecanol

Good

Clear colorless liquid thatŠ—Ès considered a long-chain fatty acid. ItŠ—Ès often used as a texture enhancer in moisturizers and lip products due to its lubricating and emollient properties. Octyldodecanol also helps prevent a formula from separating into its oil and liquid components. ItŠ—Ès a synthetic ingredient.

Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Skin-Soothing,  Astringent, 

Oenothera Biennis Oil

Best

Antioxidant,  Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Skin-Replenishing,  Fragrance,  Solvent, 

Olea Europaea Fruit Oil

Good

Cleansing Agent,  Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Surfactant, 

PEG-60 Hydrogenated Castor Oil

Good

The chief function of this ingredient is cleansing agent.

Texture Enhancer,  Moisturizer, 

Pentylene Glycol

Good

A synthetic skin-replenishing agent and solvent.

Preservative, 

Phenoxyethanol

Good

Common cosmetics preservative that's considered one of the least sensitizing for use in formulations. It does not release formaldehyde. Phenoxyethanol is approved worldwide (including in Japan and in the EU) for use in all types of water-based cosmetics, up to a 1% concentration.

Antioxidant,  Skin-Soothing, 

Propolis

Good

Brownish, resinous material that is collected by bees and used to construct the hive.

Antioxidant,  Vitamin,  Antistatic, 

Pyridoxine Hydrochloride (Hcl)

Good

Scientific name for vitamin B6; may have antioxidant benefits for skin when applied topically.

Antioxidant,  Skin-Soothing,  Vitamin,  Whitening, 

Sodium Ascorbyl Phosphate

Best

Stable, water-soluble form of vitamin C that functions as an antioxidant and is potentially effective for brightening an uneven skin tone.ξ

Antioxidant,  Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Pigment, 

Theobroma Cacao Seed Butter

Best

Antioxidant,  Vitamin,  Moisturizer, 

Tocopheryl Acetate

Best

Solvent,  Miscellaneous, 

Water

Good

Most widely used cosmetic ingredient; water is almost always listed first on an ingredient label because it is usually the ingredient with the highest concentration in the formula. Despite claims of skinŠ—Ès need for hydration and claims regarding special types of water, it turns out that water may not be an important ingredient for skin. Only a 10% concentration of water in the outer layer of skin is necessary for softness and pliability in this part of the epidermis. Studies that have compared the water content of dry skin with that of normal or oily skin do not find a statistically significant difference in moisture levels between them.

Emollient,  Moisturizer, 

Plukenetia Volubilis

Emulsifier,  Surfactant, 

PEG-8 Laurate

Moisturizer,  Antistatic, 

Soluble Collagen

Plant Extract, 

Chrysanthellum Indicum

Viscosity Control, 

Hydrated Silica

Ph Adjusters, 

Tromethamine

Emulsifier,  Viscosity Control, 

Sodium Starch Octenylsuccinate

Viscosity Control, 

Potassium Carbomer

Moisturizer, 

Polyglycerin-3

Viscosity Control, 

Natural Xanthan Gum

Hydrating & nourishing easy-grip on-the-go stick essence balm glides smoothly on with light hydration and flawlessly blends under or even over makeup.

Allergic ingredients not found