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Ingredient
Cleansing Agent,  Emollient,  Emulsifier,  Silicone,  Texture Enhancer,  Moisturizer,  Surfactant,  Solvent, 

BIS-PEG-18 Methyl Ether Dimethyl Silane

Good

A synthetic skin conditioning agent and surfactant belonging to the chemical class of siloxanes and silicones.

Texture Enhancer,  Moisturizer,  Solvent, 

Butylene Glycol

Good

Commonly-used ingredient that has multiple functions in cosmetics, including as a texture enhancer. It’s similar to propylene glycol, but has a lighter texture.

Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Preservative,  Moisturizer, 

Caprylyl Glycol

Good

Skin and hair conditioning agent that may be plant-derived or synthetic. Often used as part of a preservative blend in cosmetics.

Plant Extract,  Skin-Soothing,  Anti, 

Dipotassium Glycyrrhizate

Best

Emollient,  Thickeners/Emulsifier,  Moisturizer, 

Glycereth-26

Good

Synthetic glycerin-based ingredient used as an emollient and thickening agent in cosmetics.

Skin-Replenishing,  Skin-Restoring,  Moisturizer,  Solvent, 

Glycerin

Best

Also called glycerol or glycerine, glycerin is a humectant thatŠ—Ès present in all natural lipids (fats), whether animal or vegetable. It can be derived from natural substances by hydrolysis of fats and by fermentation of sugars; it also can be synthetically manufactured, which is usually the case with modern-day skincare products.Glycerin is a skin-replenishing and restoring ingredient, meaning it is a substance found naturally in skin, helping to establish normal balance and hydration. ItŠ—Ès one of the many substances in skin that helps maintain a healthy look and feel, defending against dryness and working to maintain skinŠ—Ès moisture level. Essentially, glycerin is a master at hydration, and works best when combined with other replenishing and emollient ingredients.Some people wonder whether using products with glycerin takes too much water from skin when there isnŠ—Èt enough humidity in the air. This can occur with pure glycerin (100% concentrationŠ—”an amount thatŠ—Ès never used in skincare products). Any humectant (including glycerin) used in pure form can increase water loss by attracting water from the lower layers of skin into the surface layers when the climate is too arid (low humidity). For this reason, glycerin and humectants are typically used in concentrations of 5% or less and always combined with other ingredients to soften skin. In fact, glycerin combined with other emollients and/or oils is a fundamental cornerstone of most moisturizers.References for this information:International Journal of Cosmetic Science, August 2016, ePublicationBritish Journal of Dermatology, July 2008, pages 23-34Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, June 2007, pages 75-82Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, June 2003, pages 7,360-7,365

Skin-Softening,  Moisturizer,  Surfactant, 

Methyl Gluceth-20

Good

Synthetic liquid that functions as a water-binding and skin-softening agent.

Antioxidant,  Skin-Soothing,  Anti,  Whitening, 

Oleanolic Acid

Best

A potent skin-soothing ingredient known as a triterpene, it's especially when used in synthetic rather than natural form. Oleanolic acid also functions as an antioxidant. This ingredient is in a wide range of food, medicinal herbs, and plants.

Skin-Restoring, 

Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-7

Best

Synthetic peptide that's part of Matrixyl 3000, which also contains palmitoyl oligopeptide, and is believed to work as a skin-restoring ingredient with anti-aging benefits.

Skin-Restoring,  Moisturizer, 

Palmitoyl Tripeptide-1

Best

One of a number of synthetic peptides, which are chained amino acids that can have restorative benefits for skin. For more on the benefits of peptides, see our article Peptides for Skin.

Uncategorized,  Solvent, 

PEG/Ppg-18/4 Copolymer

Good

A synthetic polymer compound that functions as a solvent.

Emollient,  Emulsifier, 

PEG-60 Almond Glycerides

Good

The polyethylene glycol derivative of fatty acids from almond oil, this ingredient functions as an emollient, skin-conditioning agent, and emulsifier, among others. It has plant (that being the almond) and synthetic properties, and is not considered a problematic ingredient.

Texture Enhancer,  Moisturizer, 

Pentylene Glycol

Good

A synthetic skin-replenishing agent and solvent.

Cleansing Agent,  Emulsifier,  Surfactant, 

Polysorbate 20

Good

Anti-Acne,  Exfoliant,  Skin-Soothing,  Whitening, 

Salicylic Acid

Best

Also called beta hydroxy acid (BHA), this multifunctional ingredient addresses many of the systemic causes of acne. Its primary benefit is as an exfoliant, helping shed dead skin in a way similar to how skin acts when we are younger. Because it has the ability to penetrate into the pore lining and exfoliate inside the pore as well as on the surface of skin, it is especially effective for reducing breakouts, including blackheads and whiteheads.In addition to these benefits, salicylic acid also has soothing properties to calm aggravated skin, can help minimize the appearance of an uneven skin tone, and has hydrating abilities that can result in smoother skin.References for this information:Clinical, Cosmetic, and Investigational Dermatology,ξAugust 2015, pages 455-461Clinical, Cosmetic, and Investigational Dermatology, November 2010, pages 135-142Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery, September 2008, pages 170-176Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, April 2007, pages 651-663International Journal of Cosmetic Science, February 2000, pages 21-52Seminars in Dermatology, December 1990, pages 305-308.

Antioxidant,  Skin-Replenishing,  Skin-Restoring,  Moisturizer, 

Sodium Hyaluronate

Best

Salt form of skin-replenishing ingredient hyaluronic acid; considered more effective for skin than pure hyaluronic acid due to its greater compatibility. References for this information:

Cleansing Agent,  Sensitizing,  Ph Adjusters, 

Sodium Hydroxide

Average

Also known as lye, sodium hydroxide is a highly alkaline ingredient used in small amounts in cosmetics to establish and hold the pH of a product.

Antioxidant,  Preservative,  Sensitizing, 

Sodium Metabisulfite

Average

Reducing agent that alters the structure of hair. It can also be used as a preservative in formulations, and can be a skin sensitizer. However, it can also be an antioxidant.

Solvent,  Miscellaneous, 

Water

Good

Most widely used cosmetic ingredient; water is almost always listed first on an ingredient label because it is usually the ingredient with the highest concentration in the formula. Despite claims of skinŠ—Ès need for hydration and claims regarding special types of water, it turns out that water may not be an important ingredient for skin. Only a 10% concentration of water in the outer layer of skin is necessary for softness and pliability in this part of the epidermis. Studies that have compared the water content of dry skin with that of normal or oily skin do not find a statistically significant difference in moisture levels between them.

Preservative, 

Nordihydroguaiaretic Acid

Viscosity Control, 

Potassium Carbomer

Moisturizer,  Antistatic, 

D-Panthenol

Moisturizer, 

Glycosyl Trehalose

Good

Trehalose is a sugar found in plants, fungi and invertebrate animals, and used in cosmetics and personal care products as a flavoring agent and moisturizer.

A daily leave-on liquid exfoliant with BHA that offers multiple benefits for those struggling with visible signs of sun damage, aging, bumpy skin, and enlarged, clogged pores.
Targets multiple signs of aging
Visibly reduces pore size
BHA gently and naturally exfoliates skin
Lightweight liquid formula
Use once or twice daily after cleansing & toning
SKIN TYPES: Combination Skin
CONCERNS: Wrinkles, Blackheads, Enlarged Pores, Anti-Aging

Allergic ingredients not found