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Ingredient
Antioxidant,  Plant Extract,  Whitening, 

Arctostaphylos Uva Ursi Leaf

Best

Skin-Replenishing,  Moisturizer,  Fragrance, 

Ceramide Np

Best

One of several types of ceramides, which are naturally occurring, long chains of lipids (fats) that are major components of skinŠ—Ès outer layers. Research shows moisturizers containing ceramide NP can improve the look and feel of dry skin.

Antioxidant,  Plant Extract,  Fragrance,  Pigment, 

Curcuma Longa Root

Best

Antioxidant,  Vitamin, 

D-Alpha-Tocopherol

Best

Antioxidant that's considered the most effective form of vitamin E.

Emollient,  Silicone, 

Dimethicone

Good

A type of silicone, dimethicone is one of the most frequently used emollient ingredients in moisturizers due to its gentleness and effectiveness. Dimethicone is considered a synthetic ingredient, even though itŠ—Ès derived from natural silicon.

Antioxidant,  Emollient,  Plant Extract, 

Elaeis Guineensis

Best

Antioxidant,  Plant Extract,  Skin-Soothing, 

Epigallocatechin Gallate

Best

One of the active constituents of green tea believed to be responsible for its many health and appearance benefits, both orally and topically. The chief benefit of epigallocatechin-3-gallate is skin-soothing and antioxidant.

Antioxidant,  Skin-Soothing, 

Ergothioneine

Best

A substance derived from animals or various types of mushrooms that has potent antioxidant and skin-soothing properties.

Antioxidant,  Plant Extract, 

Ferulic Acid

Best

Plant-based, phenolic antioxidant that is found in bran, among other plants.

Skin-Replenishing,  Skin-Restoring,  Moisturizer,  Solvent, 

Glycerin

Best

Also called glycerol or glycerine, glycerin is a humectant thatŠ—Ès present in all natural lipids (fats), whether animal or vegetable. It can be derived from natural substances by hydrolysis of fats and by fermentation of sugars; it also can be synthetically manufactured, which is usually the case with modern-day skincare products.Glycerin is a skin-replenishing and restoring ingredient, meaning it is a substance found naturally in skin, helping to establish normal balance and hydration. ItŠ—Ès one of the many substances in skin that helps maintain a healthy look and feel, defending against dryness and working to maintain skinŠ—Ès moisture level. Essentially, glycerin is a master at hydration, and works best when combined with other replenishing and emollient ingredients.Some people wonder whether using products with glycerin takes too much water from skin when there isnŠ—Èt enough humidity in the air. This can occur with pure glycerin (100% concentrationŠ—”an amount thatŠ—Ès never used in skincare products). Any humectant (including glycerin) used in pure form can increase water loss by attracting water from the lower layers of skin into the surface layers when the climate is too arid (low humidity). For this reason, glycerin and humectants are typically used in concentrations of 5% or less and always combined with other ingredients to soften skin. In fact, glycerin combined with other emollients and/or oils is a fundamental cornerstone of most moisturizers.References for this information:International Journal of Cosmetic Science, August 2016, ePublicationBritish Journal of Dermatology, July 2008, pages 23-34Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, June 2007, pages 75-82Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, June 2003, pages 7,360-7,365

Emollient,  Emulsifier,  Plant Extract,  Moisturizer,  Solvent, 

Glycine Soja Seed

Best

Antioxidant,  Emollient,  Plant Extract, 

Lupinus Albus

Good

Species of legume.

Antioxidant,  Vitamin, 

Magnesium Ascorbyl Palmitate

Good

Fatty acidŠ—–based derivative of vitamin C that can be an effective antioxidant. Research shows this form of vitamin C is less stable than others such as magnesium ascorbyl phosphate, which is why we donŠ—Èt rate it as highly as other forms of vitamin C.

Antioxidant,  Skin-Soothing,  Viscosity Control,  Anti, 

Oat Beta-Glucan

Best

Skin-Restoring, 

Palmitoyl Tripeptide-5

Best

A synthetic peptide that is believed to play a role in the appearance of skin firmness. See more about peptides and their function in skincare products in our article Peptides for Skin.

Preservative, 

Phenoxyethanol

Good

Common cosmetics preservative that's considered one of the least sensitizing for use in formulations. It does not release formaldehyde. Phenoxyethanol is approved worldwide (including in Japan and in the EU) for use in all types of water-based cosmetics, up to a 1% concentration.

Antioxidant, 

Superoxide Dismutase

Best

Enzyme considered a potent antioxidant in humans.

Antioxidant,  Vitamin, 

Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate

Best

Stable form of vitamin C that is considered an analogue of L-ascorbic acid. Unlike pure vitamin C (ascorbic acid), tetrahexyldecyl ascorbate is lipid (fat) soluble.Some researchers believe this form of vitamin C has a greater affinity for skin because its fatty acid component helps aid penetration. It pairs well with other forms of vitamin C and retinol for enhanced effectiveness.References for this information:Clinics in Plastic Surgery, July 2016, page 601Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, Supplement, May 2014, pages AB26Dermatologic Surgery, March 2002, pages 231-236

Antioxidant, 

Thioctic Acid

Best

Technical name for the antioxidant alpha lipoic acid. Unlike many antioxidants that are either water-soluble or oil-soluble, thioctic acid is both. Despite claims to the contrary, alpha lipoic acid isnŠ—Èt the best antioxidant around. It is one of many that are beneficial for skin.

Antioxidant,  Vitamin,  Moisturizer, 

Tocopheryl Acetate

Best

Antioxidant,  Vitamin, 

Tocotrienols

Best

Potent forms of vitamins E that are considered stable and powerful antioxidants, as well as skin-soothing agents. These forms of vitamin E are usually derived from rice bran or wheat germ.

Antioxidant,  Skin-Soothing, 

Ubiquinone

Best

Also known as coenzyme Q10, it is a vitamin-like, fat-soluble substance naturally present in the body. Applied to skin, it can have antioxidant benefits due to its energizing effect on factors in skin that tend to slow down with age and cumulative sun exposure.ξ

Antioxidant,  Plant Extract, 

Xanthophyll

Best

Also known as lutein, this is a cartenoid pigment from plants that functions as an antioxidant.

Emollient, 

Oxidized Glutathione

A hydrating, antioxidant-enriched serum that restores visible radiance for dull, dry skin while fighting against environmental attack.
Essential for improving visible signs of aging
Improves the appearance of dull, uneven skin tone
Restores hydration to dry, sun damaged skin
Use twice daily after cleansing, toning, and exfoliating
SKIN TYPES: Dry/Very Dry Skin
CONCERNS: Wrinkles, Anti-Aging

Allergic ingredients not found