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Ingredient
Skin-Restoring,  Skin-Soothing, 

Adenosine Triphosphate

Best

Organic compound from adenosine, which is formed by the hydrolysis of yeast nucleic acids.

Emollient,  Emulsifier,  Texture Enhancer, 

C12-15 Alkyl Benzoate

Good

Synthetic ingredient used as an emollient and texture enhancing agent in cosmetics. This common ingredient is soluble in oil and oil-like ingredients, and can impart a lightly conditioning, silky finish to products. Its excellent solubility is one of the main reasons its used in so many sunscreens, as it helps keep the active ingredients dispersed throughout the formula.

Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Preservative,  Moisturizer, 

Caprylyl Glycol

Good

Skin and hair conditioning agent that may be plant-derived or synthetic. Often used as part of a preservative blend in cosmetics.

Emollient,  Silicone,  Texture Enhancer,  Viscosity Control, 

Dimethicone Crosspolymer

Good

Silicone derivative used as a stabilizing and suspending agent or as a thickener.

Antioxidant,  Plant Extract,  Skin-Soothing, 

Epigallocatechin Gallate

Best

One of the active constituents of green tea believed to be responsible for its many health and appearance benefits, both orally and topically. The chief benefit of epigallocatechin-3-gallate is skin-soothing and antioxidant.

Preservative,  Moisturizer,  Miscellaneous, 

Ethylhexylglycerin

Good

A synthetic skin-softening agent also used as a preservative, a carrier, or suspending agent for other preservatives such as phenoxyethanol.

Antioxidant,  Plant Extract, 

Haematococcus Pluvialis

Best

Emulsifier,  Slip Agent,  Surfactant,  Solvent, 

Hexylene Glycol

Good

Coloring Agents/Pigment,  Pigment, 

Iron Oxides

Good

Compounds of iron that are used as coloring agents in some cosmetics. They also are used as a metal polish called jewelersŠ—È rouge, and are well-known in their crude form as rust. Although iron oxides occur naturally, the forms used in cosmetics are synthetic. Iron oxides are closely regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. According to the website CosmeticsInfo.org (which links to the FDAŠ—Ès Code of Federal Regulations for iron oxides), Š—“Synthetic iron oxides are produced in various ways, including thermal decomposition of iron salts, such as ferrous sulfate, to produce reds; precipitation to produce yellows, reds, browns, and blacks; and reduction of organic compounds by iron to produce yellows and blacks.Š—

Emollient,  Emulsifier,  Texture Enhancer, 

Isopropyl Titanium Triisostearate

Good

A synthetic or animal-derived ingredient used as a surface treatment for cosmetic pigments in products such as mascara. Also used to coat titanium dioxide nanoparticles to keep them evenly suspended and stable in sunscreen formulations.ξ

Cleansing Agent,  Emollient,  Silicone,  Viscosity Control,  Surfactant, 

PEG/Ppg-18/18 Dimethicone

Good

PEG stands for polyethylene glycol; PPG stands for polypropylene glycol.

Preservative, 

Phenoxyethanol

Good

Common cosmetics preservative that's considered one of the least sensitizing for use in formulations. It does not release formaldehyde. Phenoxyethanol is approved worldwide (including in Japan and in the EU) for use in all types of water-based cosmetics, up to a 1% concentration.

Cleansing Agent,  Emulsifier,  Surfactant, 

Polysorbate 80

Good

Antioxidant,  Plant Extract, 

Quercetin

Best

Bioflavonoid ingredient from plants. Quercetin occurs naturally in red wine, tea, onions, kale, tomatoes, berries, and many other fruits and vegetables, with the highest concentrations found in the leaves and skins. It functions as an antioxidant, skin-soothing agent, and restorative ingredient. Quercetin is present in some herbal ingredients, too, including St. JohnŠ—Ès wort and Ginkgo biloba.

Antioxidant,  Plant Extract,  Skin-Soothing, 

Resveratrol

Best

Potent polyphenolic antioxidant abundant in red grapes and, therefore, in red wine.ξ

Plant Extract,  Skin-Soothing,  Astringent,  Anti, 

Salix Alba

Good

Scrub Agent,  Viscosity Control, 

Sodium Chloride

Good

More popularly known as common table salt. Used primarily as a binding agent in skincare products and occasionally as an abrasive in scrub products.ξ

Antioxidant,  Vitamin, 

Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate

Best

Stable form of vitamin C that is considered an analogue of L-ascorbic acid. Unlike pure vitamin C (ascorbic acid), tetrahexyldecyl ascorbate is lipid (fat) soluble.Some researchers believe this form of vitamin C has a greater affinity for skin because its fatty acid component helps aid penetration. It pairs well with other forms of vitamin C and retinol for enhanced effectiveness.References for this information:Clinics in Plastic Surgery, July 2016, page 601Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, Supplement, May 2014, pages AB26Dermatologic Surgery, March 2002, pages 231-236

Antioxidant,  Vitamin,  Moisturizer, 

Tocopheryl Acetate

Best

Silicone,  Slip Agent, 

Triethoxycaprylylsilane

Good

Silicone that functions as a binding agent and emulsifier.

Emollient,  Skin-Replenishing,  Thickeners/Emulsifier,  Viscosity Control,  Solvent, 

Trihydroxystearin

Good

Mixture of glycerin and fatty acids that is used as an emollient and thickening agent.

Solvent,  Miscellaneous, 

Water

Good

Most widely used cosmetic ingredient; water is almost always listed first on an ingredient label because it is usually the ingredient with the highest concentration in the formula. Despite claims of skinŠ—Ès need for hydration and claims regarding special types of water, it turns out that water may not be an important ingredient for skin. Only a 10% concentration of water in the outer layer of skin is necessary for softness and pliability in this part of the epidermis. Studies that have compared the water content of dry skin with that of normal or oily skin do not find a statistically significant difference in moisture levels between them.

Antioxidant,  Coloring Agents/Pigment,  Skin-Soothing,  Sunscreen Active,  Thickeners/Emulsifier,  Astringent, 

Zinc Oxide

Best

Inert earth mineral used as a thickening, lubricating, and sunscreen active ingredient in cosmetics. Along with titanium dioxide, zinc oxide is considered to have no risk of skin sensitization. As a sunscreen, it is effective in providing protection against sunŠ—Ès UVA rays in addition to UVB rays. Zinc oxide is also sometimes used in makeup to impart opacity to products like foundations, particularly powder-based makeup.

Pigment, 

Ci 77492

Plant Extract,  Fragrance,  Astringent, 

Punica Granatum Glycerides

Viscosity Control, 

Hydrated Silica

Pigment, 

Red Iron Oxide

Anti, 

A-Bisabolol

A lightly tinted mineral-based formula that protects skin from sun damage and fortifies it with state-of-the-art antioxidants.
Prevents premature aging of skin
Boost skin’s environmental defenses
Silky texture leaves a soft matte finish
Use as the last step in your AM skincare routine
SKIN TYPES: Combination Skin, Oily Skin
CONCERNS: Wrinkles, Anti-Aging, Enlarged Pores

Allergic ingredients not found