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Ingredient
Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Skin-Soothing,  Moisturizer,  Anti, 

Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice

Good

May also be listed as aloe barbadensis leaf juice powder, aloe extract, or aloe juice.

Antioxidant,  Plant Extract,  Skin-Soothing, 

Arctium Lappa

Best

Antioxidant,  Plant Extract,  Skin-Soothing, 

Boerhavia Diffusa

Best

Extract from a flowering plant. Studies on animals have shown that this plant has strong skin-soothing activity. Like all plant extracts, Boerhavia diffusa also has antioxidant ability.

Antioxidant,  Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Skin-Soothing,  Moisturizer, 

Borago Officinalis

Best

Texture Enhancer,  Moisturizer,  Solvent, 

Butylene Glycol

Good

Commonly-used ingredient that has multiple functions in cosmetics, including as a texture enhancer. It’s similar to propylene glycol, but has a lighter texture.

Antioxidant,  Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Sunscreen Active,  Moisturizer,  Fragrance,  Astringent, 

Camellia Sinensis

Best

Antioxidant,  Plant Extract,  Fragrance,  Anti, 

Chamomilla Recutita

Best

Plant Extract,  Skin-Soothing,  Anti, 

Dipotassium Glycyrrhizate

Best

Skin-Replenishing,  Skin-Restoring,  Moisturizer,  Solvent, 

Glycerin

Best

Also called glycerol or glycerine, glycerin is a humectant thatŠ—Ès present in all natural lipids (fats), whether animal or vegetable. It can be derived from natural substances by hydrolysis of fats and by fermentation of sugars; it also can be synthetically manufactured, which is usually the case with modern-day skincare products.Glycerin is a skin-replenishing and restoring ingredient, meaning it is a substance found naturally in skin, helping to establish normal balance and hydration. ItŠ—Ès one of the many substances in skin that helps maintain a healthy look and feel, defending against dryness and working to maintain skinŠ—Ès moisture level. Essentially, glycerin is a master at hydration, and works best when combined with other replenishing and emollient ingredients.Some people wonder whether using products with glycerin takes too much water from skin when there isnŠ—Èt enough humidity in the air. This can occur with pure glycerin (100% concentrationŠ—”an amount thatŠ—Ès never used in skincare products). Any humectant (including glycerin) used in pure form can increase water loss by attracting water from the lower layers of skin into the surface layers when the climate is too arid (low humidity). For this reason, glycerin and humectants are typically used in concentrations of 5% or less and always combined with other ingredients to soften skin. In fact, glycerin combined with other emollients and/or oils is a fundamental cornerstone of most moisturizers.References for this information:International Journal of Cosmetic Science, August 2016, ePublicationBritish Journal of Dermatology, July 2008, pages 23-34Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, June 2007, pages 75-82Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, June 2003, pages 7,360-7,365

Exfoliant,  Whitening, 

Glycolic Acid

Best

A type of alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) that, like other ingredients in the category, can act as a water-binding agent and, when properly formulated, as an exfoliant. In its capacity as an exfoliant, it can help shed dead skin to renew skinŠ—Ès surface, visibly softening the signs of aging, particularly from sun damage. Glycolic acid is one of the most effective and well-researched forms of AHA.

Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Skin-Soothing,  Fragrance,  Anti,  Whitening, 

Glycyrrhiza Glabra

Best

Antioxidant,  Plant Extract,  Skin-Soothing,  Astringent, 

Lamium Album Flower

Best

A species of the nettle plant that is used topically as an skin-soothing owing to its saponin content. This plant also functions as an antioxidant.

Hydration,  Solvent,  Miscellaneous, 

Methylpropanediol

Good

According to the Personal Care Product CouncilŠ—Ès Ingredient Infobase online, methylpropanediol is a synthetic ingredient that functions as solvent. In a cosmetic formula, it can enhance the absorption of ingredients such as salicylic acid. It also has pronounced hydrating properties that can leave a smooth, dewy finish on skin.

Preservative, 

Phenoxyethanol

Good

Common cosmetics preservative that's considered one of the least sensitizing for use in formulations. It does not release formaldehyde. Phenoxyethanol is approved worldwide (including in Japan and in the EU) for use in all types of water-based cosmetics, up to a 1% concentration.

Emollient,  Uncategorized,  Viscosity Control, 

Propylene Glycol Dicaprylate/Dicaprate

Good

Gel-textured ingredient used in many lightweight moisturizers. ItŠ—Ès a mix of propylene glycol and capric acid, a fatty acid derived from plants.

Plant Extract,  Skin-Soothing,  Astringent,  Anti, 

Salix Alba

Good

Plant Extract,  Skin-Soothing, 

Salix Nigra (Willow) Bark

Good

Antioxidant,  Skin-Soothing,  Vitamin,  Whitening, 

Sodium Ascorbyl Phosphate

Best

Stable, water-soluble form of vitamin C that functions as an antioxidant and is potentially effective for brightening an uneven skin tone.ξ

Cleansing Agent,  Sensitizing,  Ph Adjusters, 

Sodium Hydroxide

Average

Also known as lye, sodium hydroxide is a highly alkaline ingredient used in small amounts in cosmetics to establish and hold the pH of a product.

Miscellaneous, 

Tetrasodium EDTA

Good

Chelating agent used to prevent minerals present in formulations from bonding to other ingredients.

Plant Extract,  Skin-Soothing,  Moisturizer, 

Ulmus Fulva Bark

Good

Antioxidant,  Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Moisturizer, 

Vitis Vinifera

Best

Latin name for the vines that produce wine grapes. More commonly known as grape seed oil or grape seed extract.

Solvent,  Miscellaneous, 

Water

Good

Most widely used cosmetic ingredient; water is almost always listed first on an ingredient label because it is usually the ingredient with the highest concentration in the formula. Despite claims of skinŠ—Ès need for hydration and claims regarding special types of water, it turns out that water may not be an important ingredient for skin. Only a 10% concentration of water in the outer layer of skin is necessary for softness and pliability in this part of the epidermis. Studies that have compared the water content of dry skin with that of normal or oily skin do not find a statistically significant difference in moisture levels between them.

Antioxidant,  Emollient,  Viscosity Control,  Anti,  Solvent, 

Avena Sativa Peptide

A leave-on exfoliant with 10% glycolic acid and age-fighting antioxidants that dramatically improves skin’s texture and reveals vibrant, radiant skin.
Improves the appearance of sun-damaged skin
Naturally and gently exfoliates dead skin cells
Water-light formula
Use once or twice weekly in place of daily exfoliant
SKIN TYPES: Dry/Very Dry Skin
CONCERNS: Wrinkles, Anti-Aging

Allergic ingredients not found