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Ingredient
Antioxidant,  Plant Extract,  Fragrance,  Astringent,  Anti, 

Birch

Good

Extract derived from the plant Betula albaξ(common name white birch). It can have antioxidant properties, but can also have astringent properties, which makes it a potential sensitizer for skin if it is one of the main ingredients in a product.

Plant Extract,  Skin-Soothing, 

Calluna Vulgaris

Best

Also known as heather extract, this plant has skin-soothing properties. Heather is considered a medicinal plant in certain parts of Europe, and has been studied in the field of ethno pharmacology.

Antioxidant,  Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Astringent,  Solvent, 

Camellia Oleifera

Best

Antioxidant,  Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Sunscreen Active,  Moisturizer,  Fragrance,  Astringent, 

Camellia Sinensis

Best

Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Texture Enhancer,  Fragrance, 

Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride

Best

Derived from coconut oil and glycerin, itŠ—Ès considered an excellent emollient and skin-replenishing ingredient. ItŠ—Ès included in cosmetics due to its mix of fatty acids that skin can use to replenish its surface and resist moisture loss. Caprylic/capric triglyceride can also function as a thickener, but its chief job is to moisturize and replenish skin. This ingredientŠ—Ès value for skin is made greater by the fact that itŠ—Ès considered gentle.Reference for this information:Food and Chemical Toxicology, January 2000, issue 1, pages 79-98

Emollient,  Solvent, 

Cyclohexasiloxane

Good

One of the numerous forms of synthetic silicone used in haircare and skincare products to improve texture, add shine (to hair) and impart emollience.

Emollient,  Silicone,  Texture Enhancer,  Viscosity Control, 

Dimethicone Crosspolymer

Good

Silicone derivative used as a stabilizing and suspending agent or as a thickener.

Antioxidant,  Plant Extract,  Skin-Soothing,  Anti, 

Ginkgo Biloba Leaf

Best

Potent, plant-derived antioxidant and soothing ingredient derived from the ginkgo plant.

Antioxidant,  Emollient,  Emulsifier,  Plant Extract,  Moisturizer,  Fragrance,  Solvent, 

Glycine Soja Oil

Best

Oil derived from wild soybeans; it has emollient properties.

Antioxidant,  Plant Extract, 

Haematococcus Pluvialis

Best

Texture Enhancer,  Fragrance,  Solvent,  Miscellaneous, 

Isododecane

Good

Synthetic hydrocarbon ingredient used as a solvent. Isododecane enhances the spreadability of products and has a weightless feel on skin. All hydrocarbons used in cosmetics help prevent the evaporation of water from skin.Among its many uses in beauty products, itŠ—Ès not uncommon to see isododecane in long-wear lipsticks and foundations, where it helps minimize color transfer and lends itself to a lightweight, matte finish.Reference for this information:Cosmetics & Toiletries, January 2014, pages 40-44

Emollient,  Skin-Softening,  Texture Enhancer,  Viscosity Control, 

Neopentyl Glycol Diheptanoate

Good

Mixture of texture-enhancing ingredient neopentyl glycol and grape-derived fatty acid heptanoic acid. The compound functions as a non-aqueous skin-softening agent and thickener.

Preservative, 

Phenoxyethanol

Good

Common cosmetics preservative that's considered one of the least sensitizing for use in formulations. It does not release formaldehyde. Phenoxyethanol is approved worldwide (including in Japan and in the EU) for use in all types of water-based cosmetics, up to a 1% concentration.

Antioxidant,  Skin-Restoring,  Vitamin, 

Retinol

Best

Name for the entire vitamin A molecule. Retinol is a powerhouse ingredient that has value for skin on several fronts: ItŠ—Ès a skin-restoring, wrinkle-smoothing, firming ingredient and an antioxidant, allowing it to improve a variety of skin concerns, most related to visible signs of aging.Packaging is a key issue, so any container that lets in air (like jar packaging) or sunlight (clear containers) just wonŠ—Èt cut it. Lots of retinol products come in unacceptable packaging; these should be avoided because the retinol will most likely be (or quickly become) ineffective. Look for opaque, airless, or air-restrictive packaging.Many consumers are concerned about the percentage of retinol in anti-aging products such as serums or moisturizers. Although the percentage can make a difference (especially if itŠ—Ès too low), itŠ—Ès not helpful in understanding how a retinol product will benefit your skin. Far more important is the delivery system, packaging, and the other ingredients present with the retinol.ξUsing a product with a range of anti-aging ingredients plus retinol is far more valuable for skin than using a product with only a supposedly high percentage of retinol. Skin needs far more than any one ingredient can provide, however great that one ingredient may be. See our article on this topic for detailed information.There are several myths about using retinol with other anti-aging ingredients or products, such as those with vitamin C or exfoliants like glycolic acid. See our article on this topic to learn what the research has shown to be true.References for this information:Journal of Drugs in Dermatology, March 2015, pages 271-280Dermatology, May 2014, pages 314-325Dermatoendocrinology, July 2012, issue 3, pages 308-319Toxicological Research, March 2010, pages 61-66Archives of Dermatology, May 2007, pages 606-612The Journal of Pathology, January 2007, issue 2, pages 241-251Clinical Interventions in Aging, December 2006, pages 327-348

Antioxidant,  Skin-Restoring,  Vitamin, 

Retinyl Palmitate

Best

Combination of retinol (pure vitamin A) and the fatty acid palmitic acid. Research has shown it to be an effective antioxidant when applied to skin. You may be surprised to learn that retinyl palmitate is found naturally in our skin, where it works as an antioxidant, particularly in regard to helping protect skin from UV light exposureŠ—”though it does not replace the need for sunscreen. Reports that retinyl palmitate is not a safe ingredient are false. TheyŠ—Ère based on a study from nearly 20 years ago that has never been reproduced or tested under real-life conditions such as how people use sunscreens that contain this ingredient. In addition, to date, there is no scientific evidence that retinyl palmitate is a carcinogen in humans. The safety of retinyl palmitate is supported by several accredited organizations and their opinions are widely available online. If you still have concerns, we encourage you to research the topic further.References for this information: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology, February 2016, pages 394-403 Acta Biochimica Polonica, 2015, pages 201-206 Clinical Interventions in Aging, December 2006, pages 327-348 Journal of Investigative Dermatology, November 2003, pages 1163-1167

Antioxidant,  Emollient,  Exfoliant,  Plant Extract,  Astringent, 

Rubus Idaeus

Good

Plant Extract,  Skin-Soothing,  Astringent,  Anti, 

Salix Alba

Good

Antioxidant,  Vitamin, 

Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate

Best

Stable form of vitamin C that is considered an analogue of L-ascorbic acid. Unlike pure vitamin C (ascorbic acid), tetrahexyldecyl ascorbate is lipid (fat) soluble.Some researchers believe this form of vitamin C has a greater affinity for skin because its fatty acid component helps aid penetration. It pairs well with other forms of vitamin C and retinol for enhanced effectiveness.References for this information:Clinics in Plastic Surgery, July 2016, page 601Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, Supplement, May 2014, pages AB26Dermatologic Surgery, March 2002, pages 231-236

Antioxidant,  Vitamin,  Moisturizer, 

Tocopheryl Acetate

Best

Antioxidant,  Plant Extract,  Skin-Soothing,  Astringent, 

Vaccinium Macrocarpon Fruit

Best

Latin term for cranberry.

Antioxidant,  Emollient,  Plant Extract,  Moisturizer, 

Vitis Vinifera

Best

Latin name for the vines that produce wine grapes. More commonly known as grape seed oil or grape seed extract.

Viscosity Control, 

Hydrated Silica

Fragrance,  Anti, 

Matricaria Recutita

Anti, 

A-Bisabolol

A skin-renewing antioxidant serum with an effective but gentle amount of retinol that helps develop a balanced-looking complexion while helping defend against environmental stressors.
Replenishes and improves skin’s appearance
Antioxidants soothe and recondition skin
Weightless gel formula
Use twice daily after cleansing, toning & exfoliating
SKIN TYPES: Combination Skin, Oily Skin
CONCERNS: Anti-Aging

Allergic ingredients not found